Cables with Indonesia Plug Type and Switch , Kabel dengan Saklar dan Steker Model Indonesia Merk Fatro CPF310ID
(Not to be confused with the 3-blade C13 and C14 connectors)
- CEE 7/16 (Europlug 2.5 A/250 V ungrounded)
For more details on this topic, see Europlug
plug and old type c socket
This two-prong plug is popularly known as the Europlug. The plug is ungrounded and has two round 4 mm (0.157 in) pins, which usually converge slightly towards their free ends. It is described in CEE 7/16 and is also defined in Italian standard CEI 23-5 and Russian standard GOST 7396. This plug is intended for use with devices that require 2.5 amperes or less. Because it is unpolarised, it can be inserted in either direction into the socket, so live and neutral are connected arbitrarily. The separation and length of the pins allow its safe insertion in most Type E (French), type F (CEE 7/4 "Schuko"), Type H (Israeli), CEE 7/7, Type J (Swiss), Type K (Danish) and Type L (Italian) outlets, as well as BS 4573 UK shaver sockets. It can be forced into type D (5 amperes) and some G sockets, if the shutters are opened, though the connection may be neither reliable in either case, nor safe regarding overcurrent or short-circuit protection with type G sockets which may well be wired on a ring circuit with a 30 A rewireable (semi-enclosed) BS3036 fuse or 32 A circuit breaker.
The Europlug (plug only, not socket from the picture) is used in Class II applications throughout continental Europe (Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Croatia, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Greenland, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey). It is also used in the Middle East (Iran), most African nations, South America (Brazil, Chile, Argentina, Peru and Bolivia), Asia (India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Pakistan, South Korea, and the Philippines) as well as Russia and the former Soviet republics, such as Ukraine, Armenia, Georgia, and many developing nations. It is also used alongside the BS 1363 in many nations, particularly former British colonies.
- CEE 7/17 (German/French 16 A/250 V ungrounded)
This plug also has two round pins but the pins are 4.8 mm (0.189 in) in diameter like types E and F and the plug has a round plastic or rubber base that stops it being inserted into small sockets intended for the Europlug. Instead, it fits only into large round sockets intended for types E and F. The base has holes in it to accommodate both side contacts and socket earth pins. It is used for large appliances, and in South Korea for all domestic non-earthed appliances. It is also defined in Italian standard CEI 23-5. Can also be safely inserted in to Israeli type H sockets, although with some difficulty.
- BS 4573 (UK shaver)
In the United Kingdom and Ireland, what appears to be a larger version of the type C plug exists for use with shavers (electric razors) in bath or shower rooms. In fact it was not derived from the type C plug at all, but was a legacy from the obsolete 2 pin 5 amperes plug used in Britain in the 1920s and 1930s but still prevalent, especially in bathrooms, as late as the 1960s. It has 0.2 in (5.08 mm) diameter pins 5⁄8 in (15.88 mm) apart, and the sockets for this plug are often designed to accept unearthed CEE 7/16, US or Australian plugs as well. Sockets are often able to supply either 230 V or 115 V. In wet zones, they must contain an isolation transformer compliant with BS 3535.
- GOST 7396 C 1 (6 A or 16 A /250 V ungrounded)
This Soviet plug, still widely used in modern Russia, has pin dimensions and spacing equal to the Europlug, but lacks the insulation sleeves. Unlike the Europlug, it was rated for 6 A. It has a round body like the French type E or flat body with a round base like CEE 7/17. The round base has no notches. The pins are parallel and do not converge. The body is made of fire resistant thermoset plastic. The corresponding 6 A socket accept the Europlug, but not the type E or F plugs, nor the CEE 7/17 as the 4.5 holes are too small to accept the 4.8 mm pins of those plugs.
There were also moulded rubber plugs available for devices up to 16 A similar to CEE 7/17, but with a round base without any notches. They could be altered to fit a type E or F socket by cutting notches with a sharp knife.
Soviet grip plug, 6 A 250 V AC, thermoset plastic
Soviet round plug, 6 A 250 V AC, thermoset plastic, half height
Moulded rubber soviet plugs cut with knife in attempt to be similar to CEE 7/16 (left) and CEE 7/17 (right). Originally the plugs had a round base.
Soviet shaver power cord. The plug is similar to CEE7/16, but has different configuration. Thermoplastic plug is rated for 6 A 250 V.
- Variations in sockets
Unearthed socket compatible with both Schuko and French plugs
Type C sockets have no ground provisions and consequently have been phased out in most countries. For example, in Germany, ungrounded outlets are rare, found only in very old installations, whereas in the Netherlands they are common in "dry areas" such as in bedrooms or living rooms. Standards also vary between countries as to whether child-resistant shutters are required. Depending on the country and the age of the socket these sockets may have 4.0 or 4.8 mm receptacles. The latter accept type E and F plugs in addition to type C, though without ground connection. Countries using the type E or F standards vary in whether ungrounded type C outlets are still permitted in environments where the need for grounding is less critical. Adaptors and trailing sockets and power strips designed to accept only Europlugs with 4 mm (0.157 in) pins may also have plastic barriers in place to prevent CEE 7/17, Schuko or French plugs from entering.